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Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro in cooperation with Institute of Hydrometeorology and Seismology of Montenegro

Establishing National Indicator for “Seasonal pollen concentration suspended in the air”

For a human, pollen of plants is one of the major allergens in the air. Pollen grains cause allergic reactions (bronchitis, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, hay fever) in more than 20% of human population, while in the case of long term and multi-annual exposure to high concentrations – a part of population suffers from chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma. Air pollution in urban and industrial areas contributes to increased allergic effect of airborne pollen. World Health Organisation has warned that different types of allergic reactions of humans will be a modern disease of mankind in 21st century.

Organising and conducting the on-going measurements of pollen concentrations in the air represent a manner to help the people allergic to pollen, which is recommended by the World Health Organisation. Results of an airborne pollen monitoring allow the studying, prevention, diagnosis, as well as treatment of symptoms caused by pollen allergies. The beginning, duration and end of the period of pollination are largely determined by meteorological conditions. Also, spatial and temporal behavior of pollen concentrations primarily depends on the existing and expected meteorological conditions. Due to the fact that meteorological conditions largely determine the state of pollen concentration, this web page will present dynamic on-line forecast meteograms for meteorological parameters which primarily affect the spatial and temporal distribution of pollen concentration. There will be two online types of forecast meteograms for five locations where instrumental monitoring is performed - detection of pollen (in Podgorica, Niksic, Bar, Tivat and Pljevlja). Meteogram of general meteorological parameters and meteogram for the vertical wind profile in weather. Conclusions on the behavior of pollen may be made on the basis of knowledge from the state of forecating meteorological parameters.